Archive | January 29, 2014

የኢትዮጵያ መንግስት የግንቦት7 መሪዎችን ኮምፒዩተሮች በዘመናዊ የስለላ መሳሪያዎች ሲሰልል እንደተደረሰበት አንድ አለማቀፍ ተቋም አጋለጠ

ጥር ፳፩ (ሃያ አንድ) ቀን ፳፻፮ ዓ/ም ኢሳት ዜና :-የህዝቦችን ደህንነት ከመንግስታት ጥቃት ለመከላከል የተቋቋመው ፕራይቬሲ ኢንተርናሽናል የተባለው  ተቋም ለእንግሊዝ መንግስት የገቢዎቸና ጉምሩክ መስሪያ ቤት በጻፈው ደብዳቤ “ጋማ ኢንተርናሽናል የተባለው የእንግሊዝ ኩባንያ በአለም ላይ የሰብአዊ መብቶችን በመጣስ ለሚታወቁ አገሮች ኮምፒይተሮችን፣ የሞባይልና የስካይፕ የስልክ ግንኙነቶችን እንዲሁም የኢሜል ልውውጦችን በርቀት ሆኖ ለመከታተል የሚያስችለውን ፊን ፊሸር ወይም ፊን ስፓይ በሚል ስም የሚጠራውን የመሰለያ መሳሪያ ከአውሮፓ ህብረት ውጭ ላሉ አገሮች በመሸጥ ዜጎች እንዲሰለሉና ደህንነታቸው አደጋ ላይ እንዲወድቅ በማድረጉ  ምርመራ እንዲጀመር” ሲል ጠይቋል።

የግንቦት7 ከፍተኛ አመራር በሆኑት በ ዶ/ር ታደሰ ብሩ የግል ኮምፒዩተር ላይ የመሰለያ ቫይረሱ መገኘቱን በቶሮንቶ ዩኒቨርስቲ የሙንክ ስኩል ግሎባል አፌርስ የምርምር ተቋም የሆነው ሲትዝን ላብ ማረጋገጡን ፕራይቬሲ ኢንተርናሽናል በደብዳቤው ገልጿል።Ginbot 7

የመሰለያ መሳሪያው የሰብአዊ መብቶችን በሚጥሱ 36 አገራት ላይ መሸጡን የገለጸው ፕራይቬሲ ኢንተርናሽናል፣ በተለይም በቬትናም፣ ማሌዚያና ኢትዮጵያ የፖለቲካ ተቀናቃኞችን ለመሰለያነት እየዋለ ነው ብሎአል።

በኢትዮጵያ የግንቦት7 ከፍተኛ አመራር የሆኑት ዶ/ር ታደሰ ብሩ ኮምፒተራቸው ሲሰለል መቆየቱን የገለጸው ፕራይቬሲ ኢንተርናሽናል፣ በአንድ የብሃሬን የሰብአዊ መብት ተማጓች ኮምፒዩተር ላይም ተመሳሳይ የስለላ ሶፍት ዌር መገኘቱን ገልጿል።

ዶ/ር ታደሰ ብሩ ለፕራይቪሴ ኢንተርናሽናል ጠበቃ የምስክርነት ቃላቸውን መስጠታቸውን ተናግረዋል። ፕራይቪሲ ኢንተርናሽናል የስለላ ቫይረሱን የሸጠውን ጋማ ኢንተርናሽናልን የተባለውን ድርጅት ወደ ፍርድ ቤት ለመውሰድ ማቀዱን ዶ/ር ታደሰ ገልጸዋል፡

ከዶ/ር ታደሰ ጋር የተደረገው ቃለምልልስ ከዜናው በሁዋላ ይቀርባል።

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HMRC must investigate potential breach of UK export laws by Gamma International in face of new evidence

report released today by Citizen Lab has uncovered further evidence that British company Gamma International has sold their surveillance technology FinFisher to repressive regimes abroad, despite having no export licence to do so. The report builds on investigations conducted last year  that demonstrated that Gamma International has been exporting FinFisher without a license to repressive regimes with dismal human rights records.

Citizen Lab has uncovered evidence that 25 countries now have command and control servers for FinSpy backdoors, part of Gamma International’s FinFisher “remote monitoring solution”, including Australia, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Brunei, Canada, Czech Republic, Estonia, Ethiopia, Germany, India, Indonesia, Japan, Latvia, Malaysia, Mexico, Mongolia, Netherlands, Qatar, Serbia, Singapore, Turkmenistan, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, and Vietnam. The Citizen Lab research shows a continued trend of FinFIsher technology deployments with strong indications of politically ­motivated targeting; for example, a FinSpy campaign in Ethiopia uses pictures of Ginbot 7, an Ethiopian political opposition group, as bait to infect users. The report also contains strong evidence of a Vietnamese FinSpy Mobile Campaign.

In November, Privacy International provided a 186-page dossier of evidence against Gamma International to HM Revenue and Customs, the body responsible for enforcing export regulations, regarding this potentially criminal breach of the export control regime. On behalf of victims who were targeted by FinFisher, we called for an urgent investigation into Gamma International’s export practices.

However, HMRC has thus far failed to provide any information to Gamma International’s victims on the state of any investigation HMRC is undertaking into unlicensed exporting of surveillance equipment by Gamma International, despite multiple attempts at contact by Privacy International and parliamentary questions asked by Caroline Lucas MP.

Today’s report by Citizen Lab further calls into question claims made by Gamma International denying their involvement in sales of their technology to these countries, and their suggestions that previously discovered installations of their software were either stolen or demostration copies.

Eric King, Privacy International’s Head of Research, said:

As evidence continues to mount showing that British-made FinFisher is being used by repressive regimes to target activist and opposition groups, HM Revenue & Customs must come clean and explain what steps they have taken to investigate this potential breach of UK export laws.

“በዝዋይ የታሰሩት ባለቤቴ እዛው እስር ቤት መሞታቸውን ሕዝብ ይወቅልኝ” – ወ/ሮ ፈሪሃ አብድርሃማን

በዳዊት ሰለሞን
(ፍኖተ ነፃነት ጋዜጣ እንደዘገበው) አቶ አህመድ ነጃሽ ሐሰን በ2002 ዓ.ም በተደረገ አገር አቀፍ ምርጫ በድሬዳዋ ክልል የኦሮሞ ኮንግረስ/ መድረክን በመወከል ተወዳድረው ነበር፡፡የፖለቲካ ተሳትፏቸውን እንዲያቋርጡ በተለያዩ መንገዶች ሲነገራቸው ቢቆዩም በሰላማዊ መንገድ ተቃውሞ ማሰማትና መደራጀት ህገ መንግስታዊ መብት መሆኑን በመጥቀስ ሲከራከሩ መቆየታቸውን ባለቤታቸው ወ/ሮ ፈሪሃ አብድርሃማን የሱፍ ለፍኖተ ነጻነት አስታውሰዋል፡፡

በ2003 የመንግስት የጸጥታ ሰዎች አቶ አህመድን በኦነግ አባልነት ተጠርጥረሃል በማለት ያስሯቸዋል፡፡የ57 አመቱ አህመድ ከታሰሩ በኋላ ለአራት ወራት ያህል በህይወት ይኖሩ ወይም ይሙቱ ለቤተሰብ ሳይታወቅ ከቆዩ በኋላ ፍርድ ቤት ቀርበው በኦነግ አባልነት ተከሰው ይፈረድባቸዋል፡፡ፍርዳቸውን ተከትሎም ለምርመራ ከቆዩበት ማዕከላዊ ወደ ዝዋይ ወህኒ ቤት እንዲዘዋወሩ ይደረጋሉ፡፡

ከአቶ አህመድ ነጃሽ ያገኟትን አንድ ልጅ ለብቻቸው የማሰደግ ዱብ ዕዳ የወደቀባቸው ወይዘሮ ፈሪሃ ገቢያቸው በመቋረጡ ስራ ፍለጋ ወደ አረብ አገር ያቀናሉ፡፡በአረብ አገር ያለሙትን ማግኘት ባለመቻላቸው ወደ አገር ቤት ይመለሳሉ፡፡ካልተሳካው ስራ ፍለጋ መልስ ወይዘሮዋ ባለቤታቸውን ለመጠየቅ ወደ ዝዋይ ሲያመሩ የማረሚያ ቤቱ ሃላፊዎች ባለቤታቸው ወደ ቃሊቲ መዘዋወራቸውን ይነግሯቸዋል፡፡

ከዝዋይ በቀጥታ ወደ ቃሊቲ በማምራትም ይጠይቃሉ፣ቃሊቲዎች እንዲህ አይነት እስረኛ ወደ እነርሱ አለመምጣቱን በመጥቀስ ያሰናብቷቸዋል፡፡ከብዙ የዝዋይና ቃሊቲ ምልልስ በኋላ አቶ አህመድ በጠና ታመው ምኒሊክ ሆስፒታል እንደገቡ ይነገራቸዋል፡፡ምኒልክ ሆስፒታል ለጥየቃ ባመሩበት ወቅት መጥፎውን ዜና ይሰማሉ፡፡አቶ አህመዲን ይህችን አለም ከተሰናበቱ ረዘም ያሉ ወራቶች ተቆጥረዋል የሚል፡፡

አስከሬን የለ፣ የት እንደተቀበሩና የሞታቸው መንስኤ ምን እንደነበር የሚያስረዳ የለ፣ ሁሉ ነገር ድፍንፍን ያለባቸው ወይዘሮዋ ለፍኖተ ነጻነት በሰጡት ቃል‹‹የመንግስት ሰዎች ምንም አይነት ቀና ምላሽ እንደማይሰጡኝ አውቃለሁ ነገር ግን በታሰሩበት ወቅት ፍጹም ጤነኛ የነበሩት ባለቤቴ መሞታቸውን ህዝቡ ይወቅልኝ ብለዋል፡ ፡የኦሮሞ ኮንግረስ በኋላም የኦፌኮ ፕሬዘዳንት የሆኑት ፕሮፌሰር መራራ ጉዲና የአቶ አህመድን ሞት ከባለቤታቸው እንደሰሙ በመጥቀስ ነገር ግን ምንም ማድረግ አለመቻሉን አውስተዋል፡፡

“what we remember? before one year” Opinion Divided on Rebirth of Ethiopia’s Opposition

“what we remember? before one year” Opinion Divided on Rebirth of Ethiopia’s Opposition

On Jul. 14 several hundred opposition protestors gathered in northern town of Gondar to and called on the government to stop exploiting the antiterrorism law and release those whom the law has been used to imprison. Credit: William Lloyd-George/IPS

GONDAR, Ethiopia, Jul 19 2013 (IPS) – Since the violence that ensued after the ruling party won Ethiopia’s 2005 elections, this East African nation has seen little in the way of political dissent. That is, until the last few months.

Since June, the country has witnessed protests in three of its major cities. Despite the significance of these protests, observers disagree over how much they signal a rebirth for the country’s opposition movement and the government’s tolerance of it.

“Until the recent protests, most had lost faith in the democratisation process and opposition parties,” Hallelujah Lulie, a political analyst from the Ethiopia-based Institute for Security Studies told IPS.

When the ruling Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front won another term of office in 2005, thousands of protestors took to the streets in protest, as the party has been in power since 1991.

The crackdown led to the arrest of several opposition party politicians, with many others being forced to flee the country and give up politics.

“We need legislative change in order for proper liberalisation where opposition groups are free to operate without arrests and otherharassment.” — Hallelujah Lulie, political analyst

 

“Recent opposition activities, however, show that people are beginning to recognise the opposition again, which could be a big boost for the domestic opposition parties,” said Hallelujah.

On Jun. 2 a new opposition group, the Blue Party, organised mass protests in the country’s capital, Addis Ababa. Thousands marched down one of the city’s main avenues, calling for the release of political prisoners and journalists and the reform of government policies.

The protest was given permission, and no arrests were made during, before, or after the demonstration, leading some to believe that the government had become more tolerant towards opposition activities.

“While there have been no arrests so far, we have credible information that the government is plotting to break up our movement and label us as terrorists. We have seen no change in the government or a willingness to engage in dialogue with us,” Yilkal Getnet, chairman of the Blue Party, told IPS.

Getachew Reda, spokesman for the Ethiopian Prime Minister’s office, told IPS that opposition parties have always been allowed to protest peacefully, but they would not negotiate with the protestors, as there are proper legal channels to address issues that the opposition politicians had not exhausted.

“Despite a lack of response from the government, we believe that the opposition movement will continue to gain momentum and are deeply encouraged by the (recent) protests,” said Yilkal.

On Jul. 14, the major opposition party, the Unity for Democracy and Justice (UDJ), organised protests in two major cities, Gondar and Dessie, in north and north-central Ethiopia, respectively. It was part of a campaign ‘One Million Voices for Freedom’, which sought to get one million signatures on a petition with demands similar to those of the Blue Party.

In Gondar, protestors marched through the capital and called on the government to stop exploiting the anti-terrorism law and release those whom the law has been used to imprison, including political prisoners and journalists.  At the march’s peak, hundreds could be seen, at its lowest, dozens.

“Numbers do not matter right now, it is just very symbolic that the recent protests took place out of Addis, as most the activism is in Addis where it is easier to mobilise supporters,” said Hallelujah. “It shows that the opposition movement could be on the path to regaining popular recognition and trust again.”

Hallelujah believes the protests could be a sign that the opposition is emerging again, he argued that they still face huge challenges that could hinder their chances of success. He said that it is hard for opposition parties to increase their membership freely, to raise funds and even to rent a hall for party meetings.

“They are still operating in a very tight and unfriendly environment,” said Hallelujah. “We need legislative change in order for proper liberalisation where opposition groups are free to operate without arrests and other harassment.

 

In the run-up to the protests in Gondar, UDJ party leaders say they faced extreme harassment by the regional state authorities. According to the UDJ, on Jul. 13 local police surrounded the office and would not let their members out all day. Only at the last minute an unofficial deal was reached with the local commander to hold the protest, or so claim party members. Also, over 10 members of their group were arrested for distributing leaflets to the general public in the days leading up to the protest.

Peering through rusty metal bars at Gondar’s Police Station 3, a simple mud hut structure, Amedemakryam Ezra, a UDJ party member, said he was arrested two weeks ago for distributing leaflets.

“They beat my legs so bad, I could not even walk for a week,” Amedemakryam told IPS from the prison. “We have not been allowed out of this cell since. It’s horrible.”

Before he could finish his sentence, another party member who was also arrested for distributing leaflets appeared. Maru Ashagere, a hairdresser, told IPS that the local authorities went to his parents’ chicken farm and said they would poison all the chickens as punishment for their son’s political activities.

“This kind of harassment makes it very difficult for us to operate but we will struggle through none the less to achieve our goals,” Asrat Tassie, Secretary-General of UDJ, told IPS at the police station.  “Despite all this, we were able to go on with our protest and mobilise the people.”

Not only were party members harassed, but some Gondar residents told IPS they were too scared to join the protests due to threats made throughout the city.

While some might have not have joined out of fear, it appears that many around Gondar did not join because of a lack of faith in the UDJ and the opposition movement. Several residents told IPS that they did not trust the UDJ or believe that it could find real solutions.

“If they can show us real policies to replace the ruling parties, then maybe more for us would join,” said Tesfaye, 34, a local shopkeeper. “They just shout against the government but don’t offer a decent alternative, or solutions to the problems. That is not helpful to anyone.”

(*This story, which moved on Jul. 18, 2013, made reference to a violent quashing of protests after Ethiopia’s 2005elections. The headline referring to the ascendance of opposition political parties has been changed.

source IPS