Archive | February 20, 2014

ከአውሮፕላኑ ጠለፋ በኋላ የተከናወኑ ዋና ዋና ጉዳዮች – (ዜና ትንታኔ)

ምኒልክ ሳልሳዊ እንዳጠናቀረው

ethio-airlines

የኢትዮጵያ አየር መንገድን አስተድደራዊ ብልሹነት እና የዘረኝነት አድልዎን ያማከለ የኢትዮጵያን እና የአማራን ጉዳይ ያካተተ አንገብጋቢ አጀንዳዎች ይዞ እንዲሁም በግሉ ከጀርባው አልወርድ ያሉትን የወያነ ቅማሎች ደህንነቱን የሚያበረውን አውሮፕላን በመጥለፍ አሊያም በማገት በሰላም ጀነቭ ያሳረፈው ረዳት አብራሪ ሃይለመድህን የተመለከቱ ዘገባዎች መውጣታቸውን እንደቀጠሉ ነው።

በአብዛኛው ኢትዮጵያውያን ዘንድ ድጋፍ የተቸውረው ይህንን የጠለፋ /እገታ ጉዳይ በተመለከተ የወያነው መንግስት ለውጥ የሚያደርግበት እና ለፖሊሲዎቹ አፋጣኝ አትኩሮት ሊሰጥ ይገባዋል ከሚሉ የስር አቱ ደጋፊዎች ጀምሮ እስከ የሃገሪቷን የሰብ ኣዊ መብት ጥሰቶች እያነሱ የፖለቲካው ምህዳር ጥበቱን በዘረኝነት ልይ የተመረኮዘን የኢኮኖሚ ብዝበዛውን እና የኢትዮጵያን ህዝብ ወደ ጎን ያገለለውን ስር ኣት ማስረጃ እያጣቀሱ በመተቸት ጠላፊውን የደገፉ እንዲሁም በተሰቡን ጨምሮ ጀግና እስከማለት የደረሱበት ሁነታ ተከስቷል።

እስካሁን ድረስ ጠላፊውን በተመለከተ ምንም አይነት ዝርዝር ጉዳዮችን ያልተናገረው የስዊዘርላንድ ፖሊስ አይሮፕላኑ በተጠለፈበት ሰኞ የወጡ ዘገባዎች እንደሚይመለክቱት ረዳት አብራሪው የደህንነት ስጋቶች እንዳሉበት እና በሃገሪቱን ያለው ስር ኣት የሚከተላቸው የዘረኝነት አስተዳደር እና የሃይማኖት ጣልቃ ገብነት እንዲሁም የአየር መንገዱ የአስተዳደር ብልሹነት የፈጠሩት እንደሆነ ሳይታለም የተፈታ ጉዳይ ነው።

የወያነ ስር ኣት የቅርብ ሰዎች የረዳት አብራሪውን ስም እና የበተሰቡን ስም ጥላሸት ከመቀባት ጀምሮ ጉድዩን ወደ ዘረኝነት የወሰዱትም ጠባቦች ሲኖሩ ወደ ወያነ ጠጋ ብለው ለመኖር የፈለጉም ሃይለመድህንን አብጠልጥለዋል ሆኖም አንዳቸውም አልተሳካላቸውም።….

ጉዳዩን በቅርብ እየተከትተለ ያለው የኢሳት ተለቭዥን በተሰቦቹን ወዳጆቹን ጓደኞቹን እና የአየር መንገድ ሰዎቹን በማነጋገር ሰፊ ጊዘውን ሰቷል። ያነጋገራቸው የበተሰቡ አባላት ሃይለመድህንን በመደገፍ የሃገር ጉዳይ የሚያንገበግበው ጀግና ሲሉት ወዳጆች እና ጓደኞቹ የሃይለመድህንን መልካምነት በይፋ መስክረዋል። እንዲሁም የአየር መንገዱ ሰራተኞች የሃይለመድህንን ታታሪነት እና ጸባየ ሸጋነት አረጋግጠዋል።

እንዲሁም ቢቢኤን ራዲኦ ኢትዮጵያውያን በአውሮፓ ጠበቃ እንዳቆሙረት በፕሮግራሙ ላይ ዘግቧል። የጠለፋውን ሁነታ ተከትሎ በኢትዮጵያ አየር መንገድ በበረራ ደህንነት ስራ ውስጥ ለረጅም ጊዜ ያገለገለውና በክትትልና ደህንነት ስጋት ከአመት በፊት ድርጅቱን ለቆ በስዊዘርላንድ ጥገኝነት የጠየቀው ሚካኤል መላኩ ከኢሳት ጋር ባደረገው ሰፊ ቃለምልልስ፣ በድርጅቱ ውስጥ ያለውን ዘረኝነትና የአስተዳደር መበላሸት አጋልጧል።

ወጣቱ ፓይለት የተለያዩ አውሮፕላኖችን አብርሮ ልምድ ካካበተ በሁዋላ 767 የተባለውን አውሮፕላን በረዳት ፓይለትነት ለማብረር መቻሉን የገለጸው ሚካኤል፣ በዚህ ደረጃውም ከፍተኛ የሆነ ክፍያ የሚከፈለው በመሆኑ የገንዘብና የምቾት ችግር እንደማያጋጥመው ገልጿል። አብራሪው የ3 ሺ ሰራተኞችን ዋይታ ይዞ መምጣቱን የሚናገረው ሚካኤል፣ የኢትዮጵያ ህዝብ ከጎኑ ሊቆምለት ይገባል ብሎአል

የካፒቴን ሃይለመድህን የጠላፋ ምክንያት አወዛጋቢ ሆኖ በቀጠለበት ሁኔታ ፣ ካፒቴኑ ከአጎቱ ከዶ/ር እምሩ ስዩም ሞት ጋር በተያያዘ እየተረበሸ መምጣቱን አቶ አሳምነው መላኩ የተባሉ የካፒቴን ሃይለመድህንን አጎት በመጥቀስ በአሶሺየትድ ፕሬስና በክርስቲያን ሞኒተሪንግ ተዘግቧል። አዲስ አበባ የኑቨርስቲ በድረገጹ ባሰፈረው መረጃም የዶ/ር እምሩ አሟሟት መንስኤ እንግዳ እንደሆነ ጠቅሷል። ኢሳት በበኩሉ ከዘመዶቹ ባገኘው መረጃ መሰረት ዶ/ር እምሩ በሰዎች መገደላቸውን አንዳንድ የቤተሰብ አባሎች እንደሚያምኑና አጎቱን ማን ገደላቸው የሚለው ጥያቄ አለመመለሱን ዘግቧል።

ይሁን እንጅ የዶ/ር ስዩም ባለቤት ነኝ ያሉ ወ/ሮ አንጓች ቢተው ባለቤታቸው የሞቱት ታህሳስ ወር ላይ ጧት ፍላሚንጎ አካባቢ ተሳፍረው ቤተመንግስት አካባቢ ሲደርሱ ከጠዋቱ 2፡30 ላይ መሞታቸውን፣ የሞታቸውም ምክንያት በልብ ህመም ምክንያት መሆኑን በመግለጽ ሰው ገደለው ተብሎ የቀረበው ዘገባ ስህተት መሆኑን አስረግጠው ተናግረዋል። ወ/ሮ አንጓች ካፒቴን ሃይለመድህን በአጎቱ ምክንያት እንደተረበሸ ተደርጎ በሚሰጠውን አስተያየት ዙሪያም ምንም የሚያዉቁት ነገር እንደሌለ፣ ከካፒቴኑ ጋር በአመት በአል ወቅት ካልሆነ ብዙም እንደማይገናኙ ተናግረዋል።

ካፒቴን ሃይለመድህን ከአጎቱ ሞት ጋር በተያያዘ ይረበሽ ነበር በማለት መግለጫ የሰጡትን ሌላውን አጎት አቶ አሳምነውን ለማግኘትና ማብራሪያ ለመጠየቅ የተደረገው ሙከራ አልተሰካም። በጉዳዩ ዙሪያ አስተያየቱን የጠየቅነው ዘጋቢያችን፣ ዶ/ር ስዩም በልብ ህመም መሞታቸውን ካፒቴን ሃይለመድህን የሚያውቅ ከሆነ፣ የሚጨነቅበት ምክንያት አይኖርም፣ ከአጎቱ ሞት ጋር በተያያዘ የሚሰጠው አስተያየትም ትክክል ላይሆን ይችላል ብሎአል።

ጠላፊው አውሮፕላኑን ወደ ጄኔቭ ከመውሰዱ በፊት ሮም ላይ ማረፉን የገለጸቸውን ዜና በተመለከተ አንዳንድ አስተያየት ሰጪዎች አውሮፕላኑ ሮም ላይ እንዳላረፈ በመግለጽ አስተያየታቸውን የገለጹ ሲሆን፣ ኢሳት በድጋሜ ተሳፋሪዋን ባነጋገረበት ወቅት፣ በአቋሟ በመጽናት አውሮፕላኑ ሮም ላይ አርፎ ወደ ሚላን ሲያቀና መጠለፉን፣ የበረራ ትኬቱዋን ለኢሳት በመላክ ትክክለኛ መረጃ መስጠቱዋን በድጋሜ ተናግራለች።

ጉዳዩ እንዴት ሊሆን ይችላል ስንል ጥያቄ ያቀረብንለት ሚካኤል መላኩ አውሮፕላኑ ሮም ላይ አርፎአል በሚል የተላለፈው ዘገባ ትክክለኛ ነው ብሎ እንደሚያምን የአየር መንገዱን አሰራር በመግለጽ አስረድቷል
የመንግስት የኮሚኒኬሽን ጽ/ቤት ሃላፊ የሆኑት አቶ ሬድዋን ሁሴን አውሮፕላኑ ካርቱም ላይ ማረፉን ፣ ቀጥሎ ደግሞ ካርቱም ላይ ማረፍ የነበረበት ቢሆንም ተጠልፎ ማረፍ ሳይችል ቀረ ብለው የገለጹት የአየር መንገዱን አሰራር ሳይዉቁ የተናገሩት አሳፋሪ ንግግር ነው ብለዋል። በአየር መንገድ የበረራ ታሪክ አውሮፕላኑ በቀጥታ ከአዲስ አበባ ወደ ሮም እንደሚያርፍ በመግለጽ ካርቱም ላይ ማረፍ ነበረበት የሚለውም ትክክል አይደለም ብሎአል።

አለማቀፍ የመገናኛ ብዙሃን ፓይለቱ አውሮፕላኑን ይዞ ጄኔቫ ላይ በመሽከርከር ለማስፈራራት ሙከራ አድርጎ ነበር በማለት ዘገባዎችን አቅርበዋል። ይሁን እንጅ እንደ ሚካኤል ገለጻ ማንኛውም አውሮፕላን ከማረፉ በፊት ነዳጅ ማቃጠል ስለነበረበት ፓይለቱ ይህን ማድረጉን እንዲሁም ለ10 ደቂቃ ጉዞ ብቻ የሚበቃ ነዳጅ ነበረው ተብሎ በመገናኛ ብዙሃን የቀረበውም ትክክል ያልሆነና በአየር መንገዱ ህግ መሰረት ለ2 ሰአት በረራ የሚያበቃ መጠባበቂያ ነዳጅ እንደሚይዝ ገልጿል።

ETHIOPIA: LAND, WATER GRABS DEVASTATE COMMUNITIES

Satellite Images Show Devastating Toll on 500,000 Pastoralists
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  • Dassanech (“What will happen when hunger comes?”)

    © 2007 Brent Stirton/Reportage for Getty Images
Ethiopia can develop its land and resources but it shouldn’t run roughshod over the rights of its indigenous communities. The people who rely on the land for their livelihoods have the right to compensation and the right to reject plans that will completely transform their lives.
Leslie Lefkow, deputy Africa director
(Nairobi) – New satellite imagery shows extensive clearance of land used by indigenous groups to make way for state-run sugar plantations inEthiopia’s Lower Omo Valley, Human Rights Watch and International Rivers said today. Virtually all of the traditional lands of the 7,000-member Bodi indigenous group have been cleared in the last 15 months, without adequate consultation or compensation. Human Rights Watch has also documented the forced resettlement of some indigenous people in the area.       .
Special Feature: Omo Sugar Plantations in Photos, Satellite Images >>
“Ethiopia can develop its land and resources but it shouldn’t run roughshod over the rights of its indigenous communities,” said Leslie Lefkow, deputy Africa director at Human Rights Watch. “The people who rely on the land for their livelihoods have the right to compensation and the right to reject plans that will completely transform their lives.”

A prerequisite to the government’s development plans for the Lower Omo Valley is the relocation of 150,000 indigenous people who live in the vicinity of the sugar plantations into permanent sedentary villages under the government’s deeply unpopular “villagization” program. Under this program, people are to be moved into sedentary villages and provided with schools, clinics, and other infrastructure. As has been seen in other parts of Ethiopia, these movements are not all voluntary.
Satellite images analyzed by Human Rights Watch show devastating changes to the Lower Omo Valley between November 2010 and January 2013, with large areas originally used for grazing cleared of all vegetation and new roads and irrigation canals crisscrossing the valley. Lands critical for the livelihoods of the agro-pastoralist Bodi and Mursi peoples have been cleared for the sugar plantations. These changes are happening without their consent or compensation, local people told Human Rights Watch. Governments have a duty to consult and cooperate with indigenous people to obtain their free and informed consent prior to the approval of any project affecting their lands or territories and other resources.

The imagery also shows the impact of a rudimentary dam built in July 2012 that diverted the waters of the Omo River into the sugar plantations. Water rapidly built up behind the shoddily built mud structure before breaking it twice. The reservoir created behind the dam forced approximately 200 Bodi families to flee to high ground, leaving behind their crops and their homes.

In a 2012 report Human Rights Watchwarned of the risk to livelihoods and potential for increased conflict and food insecurity if the government continued to clear the land. The report also documented how government security forces used violence and intimidation to make communities in the Lower Omo Valley relocate from their traditional lands, threatening their entire way of life with no compensation or choice of alternative livelihoods.

The development in the Lower Omo Valley depends on the construction upstream of a much larger hydropower dam – the Gibe III, which will regulate river flows to support year-round commercial agriculture.

new film produced by International Rivers, “A Cascade of Development on the Omo River,” reveals how and why the Gibe III will cause hydrological havoc on both sides of the Kenya-Ethiopia border. Most significantly, the changes in river flow caused by the dam and associated irrigated plantations could cause a huge drop in the water levels of Lake Turkana, the world’s largest desert lake and another UNESCO World Heritage site.

Lake Turkana receives 90 percent of its water from the Omo River and is projected to drop by about two meters during the initial filling of the dam, which is estimated to begin around May 2014. If current plans to create new plantations continue to move forward, the lake could drop as much as 16 to 22 meters. The average depth of the lake is just 31 meters.

The river flow past the Gibe III will be almost completely blocked beginning in 2014. According to government documents, it will take up to three years to fill the reservoir, during which the Omo River’s annual flow could drop by as much as 70 percent. After this initial shock, regular dam operations will further devastate ecosystems and local livelihoods. Changes to the river’s flooding regime will harm agricultural yields, prevent the replenishment of important grazing areas, and reduce fish populations, all critical resources for livelihoods of certain indigenous groups.

The government of Ethiopia should halt development of the sugar plantations and the water offtakes until affected indigenous communities have been properly consulted and give their free, prior, and informed consent to the developments, Human Rights Watch and International Rivers said. The impact of all planned developments in the Omo/Turkana basin on indigenous people’s livelihoods should be assessed through a transparent, independent impact assessment process.

“If Ethiopia continues to bulldoze ahead with these developments, it will devastate the livelihoods of half a million people who depend on the Omo River,” said Lori Pottinger, head of International Rivers’ Ethiopia program. “It doesn’t have to be this way – Ethiopia has options for managing this river more sustainably, and pursuing developments that won’t harm the people who call this watershed home.”
Background 
Ethiopia’s Lower Omo Valley is one of the most isolated and underdeveloped areas in East Africa. At least eight different groups call the Omo River Valley home and the livelihood of each of these groups is intimately tied to the Omo River and the surrounding lands. Many of the indigenous people that inhabit the valley are agro-pastoralist, growing crops along the Omo River and grazing cattle.

In 2010, Ethiopia announced plans for the construction of Africa’s tallest dam, the 1,870 megawatt Gibe III dam on the Omo River. Controversy has dogged the Gibe III dam ever since. Of all the major funders who considered the dam, only China’s Industrial and Commercial Bank of China (ICBC) provided financing (the World Bank, African Development Bank, and European Investment Bank all declined to fund it, though the World Bank and African Development Bank have financed related power lines).

The Ethiopian government announced even more ambitious plans for the region in 2011, including the development of at least 245,000 hectares of irrigated state-run sugar plantations. Downstream, the water-intensive sugar plantations, will depend on irrigation canals. Although there have been some independent assessments of the Gibe dam project and its impact on river flow and Lake Turkana, to date the Ethiopian government has not published any environmental or social impact assessments for the sugar plantations and other commercial agricultural developments in the Omo valley.

According to the regional government plan for villagization in Lower Omo, the World Bank-supported Pastoral Community Development Project (PCDP) is funding some of the infrastructure in the new villages. Despite concerns over human rights abuses associated with the villagization program that were communicated to Bank management, in December 2013 the World Bank Board approved funding of the third phase of the PCDP III. PCDP III ostensibly provides much-needed services to pastoral communities throughout Ethiopia, but according to government documents PCDP also pays for infrastructure being used in the sedentary villages that pastoralists are being moved to.

The United States Congress in January included language in the 2014 Appropriations Act that puts conditions on US development assistance in the Lower Omo Valley requiring that there should be consultation with local communities; that the assistance “supports initiatives of local communities to improve their livelihoods”; and that no activities should be supported that directly or indirectly involve forced evictions.

However other donors have not publicly raised concerns about Ethiopia’s Lower Omo development plans. Justine Greening, the British Secretary of State for International Development, in 2012 stated that her Department for International Development (DFID) was not able to “substantiate the human rights concerns” in the Lower Omo Valley despite DFID officials hearing these concerns directly from impacted communities in January 2012.