Archive | July 2016

ሰበር ዜና . . . በጎንደር የአማራ ልዩ ሐይልና የአካባቢ ሚሊሻ ህዝባዊነት እያሳዩ ነዉ ተባለ

ethiopian-army
በጎንደር ተሰማርቶ የሚገኘዉ የመከላከያ ሰራዊት አባላት የልዩ ሐይልና የአካባቢ ሚሊሻ ባጠቃላይ ነገ የሚካሄደዉን የጎንደርን ሰልፍ ተነተርሶ የተሰጣቸዉን ሰላማዊ ሰልፍ የማክሸፍ ሴራ ያለማቀበላቸዉን የሚጠቁሙ መረጃዎች ደርሰዉናል።
·         ከየትኛዉም መንደሮች ወደ መሰብሰቢያ ቦታዉ የሚወስዱ መንገዶች በጸጥታ ሐይሎች እንዲዘጉ።
·         ሰልፉን ያስተባብራሉ ይመራሉ ይቀሰቅሳሉ የሚባሉ ግለሰቦች ከድርጊታቸዉ እንዲታቀቡ ማድረግ…… ትእዛዝ (( )) ይህ ሁኔታ የጸጥታ ሐይሎችን በመጠቀም ማስገደድንም ይጭምራል
·         የስረአቱን ቀንደኛ ደጋፊ ብአዴኖችን በመጠቀም ጥቆማዎችን አይነተኛ መሳሪያ አድርጎ ማባበያ (መደለያ) እና ማዘናጊያ እቅዶችን ማስፈጸም!!
·         ይህ ካልሆነ በጸጥታ ሐይሎች ተጠቅሞ እርምጃዎችን በተጠና ሁኔታ መዉሰድ>>>> የሚሉ ሲሆኑ እነዚህና የመሳሰሉት ሂደቶች ዉጤታማ ስይሆኑ ቢቀሩና ሰልፉ ቢካሄድ የመከላከያ ሰራዊቱ ዝግጁ እንዲሁን ትእዝዝ ቢተላለፍም ባጠቃላይ የመከላከያ ሰራዊት አባላትና የጸጥታ ሐይሎች ብሎም የአካባቢ ሚሊሻ . . . . . ” አንዳችም ሰዉ ላይ ጉዳት አናደርስም ” አፈና አናካሄድም! ህዝቡ መብቱን በሰላማዊ መንገድ እየገለጸ ከመካከላችን አንዳች ስህተት ቢሰራ ዝም ብለን አንመለከትም! በማለት አቋማቸዉን የገለጹ ሲሆን በተለይም የአካባቢ ሚሊሻዎች በተለየ ሁኔታ ከህዝቡ ጎን መቆማቸዉን በድፍረት ተናግረዋል።
እነዚህ ሁኔታዎች ሁሉ ገደል በገደል የሆኑበት የትግራዩ ነጻ አዉጪ ቡድን ሰሜን ጎንደር አይከል አካባቢ ያሰፈረዉን የአጋዚ ጦር ወደ ጎንደር እያስገባ ከመሆኑ በተጨማሪ በባሕር ዳር ስምሪት ላይ የነበረ የልዩ ሐይል ወደ ጎንደር እንዲንቀሳቀስ የተደረገ ሲሆን
….  በጎንደር የልዩ ሐይልና የአካባቢ ሚሊሻ እንዲሁም የመከላከያ ሰራዊት ምድቦች ማንም ይምጣ ማን ይህን ህዝብ ይንኩና እንተያያለን በማለት እርስ በእርሳቸዉ ተፋጠዉ ይገኛሉ።
ዜና -በልኡል አለም

Ethiopia: Attack on Civil Society Escalates as Dissent Spreads

 Freedom House

Protests in Ethiopia. Credit: Gadaa.com (Flickr/Creative Commons).

by Yoseph Badwaza, Program Officer, Africa and
Jennifer Charette, Senior Program Associate, Africa

Amid discontent, sometimes violent protests, and a drought of historic proportions that has left more than 15 million Ethiopians in need of urgent food aid, the Ethiopian government is tightening its stranglehold on domestic politics.

In the wake of the large-scale protests that rocked the Oromia region from November to March, the government, led by the Ethiopian Peoples’ Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF), has taken a number of measures aimed at stifling dissent. While consistent with EPRDF’s authoritarian posture, these steps are a devastating blow to the country’s independent media and civil society.

Protests in Oromia and growing ethnic tensions in the Amhara and South regions are viewed as indications that EPRDF’s model of governing through complete control over all levels of political and economic life could soon reach its breaking point. The government’s intolerance of alternative political views is pushing the country’s diverse ethnic and political communities to take to the streets to air their grievances.

While the initial trigger for the protests in Oromia was opposition to an unpopular government development plan, the scale and persistence of the protests in the country’s largest and most populous region point to a deeper ethnic discontent after years of misrule. These developments are even more worrisome as deadly protests began to emerge in several parts of the country less than six months after EPRDF and its allies claimed to have won all 547 parliamentary seats in the latest general elections in May 2015.

Ethiopia’s perceived stability and its much-touted role in the global fight against terrorism in the Horn of Africa are at stake if EPRDF continues to ignore the dangers of suppressing citizens’ legitimate demands for inclusive and accountable governance. Any economic progress can only be sustained with a genuine commitment to political reform that adequately responds to the demands of Ethiopia’s diverse political, ethnic, and religious groups for participation at all levels of public life.

Tools of repression tightened

The protests brought a violent response from authorities. In addition toextrajudicial killings of hundreds of protesters in the Oromia and Amhara regions, security forces arrested thousands of students, social media activists, and opposition party leaders and supporters. As protests continue in some parts of Oromia, authorities have filed criminal charges against dozens of Oromo students and political activists under the country’s Anti-Terrorism Proclamation (ATP). Hundreds more remain in custody without charges.

In response to the role social media played in publicizing human rights violations perpetrated during the protests in Oromia, Ethiopia’s parliament rushed through a cybercrimes law in June. The law stipulates serious penalties for a wide range of online activities and gives authorities greater surveillance and censorship powers that will limit access to information on digital platforms. The adoption of this law followed a shutdown of Facebook, Viber, and WhatsApp in parts of the Oromia region. Authorities also cited social media posts as evidence in criminal charges brought against digital activists. These social media posts were images, videos, and audio recordings made during the protests that documented numerous incidents of heavy-handed response to peaceful demonstrators.

Last week the government publicly stated for the first time that it is blocking these social media applications nationwide, claiming that they are adistraction to students taking university entrance exams.

Civil society under renewed attack

In June, the Charities and Societies Agency, the government body that regulates nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), announced that it hadshut down more than 200 NGOs in the last nine months. The agency cited failure to comply with numerous requirements of the Charities and Societies Proclamation (CSP) and lack of funding as reasons for the closures. The announcement followed the agency issuing a directive that seeks to impose penalties for noncompliance with the CSP. By issuing this directive, the agency effectively gave itself quasi-judicial powers in criminal proceedings.

Although it is not clear what triggered this latest directive, the move exacerbates the harsh conditions under which civil society organizations are operating. By paving the way for increased imposition of penalties, the Charities and Societies Agency will further undermine civil society’s ability to operate independently. Furthermore, these measures suggest a reversal of the willingness that the government had shown in the past few years to engage in a dialogue aimed at revising some of the directives previously issued by the agency.

Citizen support for civil society remains strong

While the government continues to take measures that undermine civil society, popular support for civil society remains strong. According to arecent online survey conducted by Freedom House, two-thirds of those polled believe that civil society organizations should engage in human rights and democracy promotion. The survey also found that Ethiopians are unaware of the significant challenges facing civil society and of the crippling effects of the CSP. The survey findings underscore how a blackout of information from independent sources and constrained civic space curtail citizens’ ability to organize and participate in matters that affect their daily lives.

Years of government attacks, relentless smear campaigns, and extremely cumbersome rules and regulatory frameworks have crippled Ethiopia’s civil society. NGOs are denied access to resources and the ability to network with each other and mobilize support. As demand for democratic reforms in Ethiopia gains momentum, a vibrant civil society will be essential. It is therefore critical that, despite the challenges they are facing, NGOs move beyond mere survival and focus on making themselves more accessible, relevant, and accountable to the public, and that their allies at home and abroad support these efforts to build strong constituencies and press ahead for a democratic opening in Ethiopia.

 

Analyses and recommendations offered by the authors do not necessarily reflect those of Freedom House.

የኢህአግዘ ጁላይ 16/2016 በአሻፍንበርግ ከተማ በየሶስት ወሩ የሚያካሂደውን መደበኛ ስብሰባ አካሂዱዋል ::

By Alemayehu Kidanewold /Reporter

የኢትዮጵያ ህዝብ አርበኞች ግንባር ዘብ ጁላይ 16/2016 በጀርመን ሃገር አሻፍንበርግ ከተማ በየሶስት ወሩ የሚያካሂደውን መደበኛ ስብሰባውን ከ መቶ በላይ አባላቱ በተገኙበት አካሂዱዋል ::IMG_1656

በስብሰናው ላይ በወቅቱ የሃገራችንን ሁኔታዎች በማንሳት ሰፊ ውይይት አካሂዱዋል:: በአሁኑ ሰአት የወያኔ ስርአት አልባ አገዛዝን በመቃወም አደባባይ የሚወጡትን ንጹሃን ዜጎችን በጥይት በመጨፍጨፍ ህዝቡን ከድህነቱ ፣ ከርሃቡና ከመቸገሩ ጋር ሌላ ፣ ሊቁዋቁዋመው የማይችል ቁስል በመጨመር ግፉን አጠናክሮ መቀጠሉን ያነሱት ተሰብሳቢዎቹ በተጨማሪ ቤተሰብ ያለ ጡዋሪ ሃገርም ያለ ተተኪ ትውልድ እንዲቀር ሰላማዊውን ህዝብ ያለ ምንም ርህራሂ በየጎዳናው እያረገፈው መሆኑን በእልህና በቁጭት ተናግረዋል::

ከዚህ በፊት በኦሮምያ ክልል በተነሳው አመጽ ቁጥራቸው ከ 350 በላይ የሆኑ ሰዎች መጨፍጨፉ እንዳለ ሆኖ አሁን ደግሞ በ አማራው ክልል በጎንደር ከተማ ሌላ ደም ማፍሰሱን ስለቀጠለበት ይህም በስብሰባው ላይ እንደ አንድ ርዕስ ሆኖ አባላቱ በሰፊው ተወያይቶበታል ::

ተሰብሳቢውም በምን መልኩ ትግሉን ማገዝ እና መቀላቀል ይቻላል?” በሚለው ዙሪያ ሃሳብ አንስቶ የተወያየ ሲሆን ይህን የወያኔ ፋሺስታዊ አገዛዝ እያደረሰ ያለውን ጭፍጨፋ በማውገዝ ከኢትዮጵያ ህዝብ ጎን እንደሚቆሙ  ለመላው አለም ለማሳወቅ የኢትዮጵያ ህዝብ አርበኞች ግንባር ዘብ ከፍተኛ የተቃውሞ ሰልፍ እንደሚያካሂድ ከስምምነት ላይ ተደርሶዋል::

የኢትዮጵያ ህዝብ አርበኞች ግንባር ዘብ በጀርመን ሃገር ለአሻፍንበርግ ከተማና አካባቢው ያሉትን አባላት ከ 3 አመት በላይ ያገለገሉትን ሊቀ መንበር በአዲስ መተካቱን ያሳወቀ ሲሆን በመጨረሻም በድርጅቱ ውስጥ ደከመኝ ሰለቸኝ ሳይሉ የሚያገለግሉ አባላትን በመሸለም እና የኢትዮጵያ ህዝብ አርበኞች ግንባር ዘብ ሊቀ መንበር አቶ ልኡል ቀስቅስ የመዝጊያ ንግግር በማድረግ የስብሰባው ፍጻሜ ሆንዋል ::

 

 

 

Ethiopia: Tigray People’s Liberation Front on the Run

 

For over a decade now this author have repeatedly expressed that the ultimate goal the Tigray People’s Liberation Front is to break away from Ethiopia and declare independent Abay Tigray by invoking Article 39 of Ethiopian constitution which unequivocally states:TPLF officials of the Ethiopian regime

“Every nation, nationality or people in Ethiopia shall have the unrestricted right to self determination up to secession.”

On June 29 Ethiopian Satellite Television Service (ESAT) reported,

“Residents in Lafto Sub City of the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa (Kersa Kontuma neighborhood) clashed with the regime loyal police forces in attempt to protect their houses from demolition. People are posting pictures of deceased police officer bodies on Social Media. The police officers believed to be killed during the clash with protesters.

Some says the casualty figures could be 10 to 17 police officers.” 

Two weeks after Eritrea accused the TPLF of military aggression ESAT news reported,

“The TPLF regime in Ethiopian has been moving its army and heavy military equipment in large numbers to the north of the country, Acording to eyewitness accounts. The witnesses said public transport buses, as per the instructions given by the regime, have been transporting large numbers of the army from south and central regions of the country to the north.” 

This is move is peculiar because as Mr. Neamin Zeleke on his latest piece, “The Myth of a stable Ethiopia under a Minority Regime” wrote, the army and the people need be on the same page for the army to succeed on all its endeavors.

Clearly, the people of Ethiopia and the TPLF army are not in the same page and that is the reason why the residents in Lafo city in Addis Ababa killed soldiers loyal to the TPLF.  This happened because the people of Ethiopia have now concluded, without a shadow of doubt that the TPLF is not in any way representative of their interests. Furthermore, they have concluded that there is no institution that they can go to and express their grievances effectively.

What this means is that what the TPLF seeded is coming to fruition. The division between the people and the TPLF organ and its army is real. The people are certain now that the TPLF army is not there to protect but harm them. As a result the people are forced to take measures in their own hands to protect their lives and livelihood as in this case. They are raising arms to fight against TPLF. People are running away from authorities even when they are desperately in need of medical attention.

This demonstrates that seeds for civil war are planted by the TPLF and the likelihood that it could spread like wild fire is as real as daylight. Absent of urgent intervention by Washington there is absolutely nothing that can stop this runaway train.

The question, does the TPLF leadership understand the gravity of the situation?

People were concerned when they heard that the TPLF is moving soldiers close to Eritrean borders, rightly. Their fear is legitimate however, this time, it must be clear to the world that the TPLF is running back to Tigray not readying for war against Eritrea. War against Eritrea will destroy them.

For the last 25 years the Tigrayan People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) have been busy making enemies with Afars, Gambella, Ogaden, Amhara, Oromia, Wekait, Somalia and every ethnic group. They have picked a fight with the very country that gave them notoriety and legitimacy, Eritrea.

To pursue US’s interest TPLF cutoff relations with every constituency in the region. With the belief that the US cannot pursue its interests without the TPLF in the region, TPLF wrongly undermined every constituency.

This approach has a very short shelf life. In order to succeed the TPLF needed to succeed by ensuring the regime change agenda and destabilization of Eritrea. Controlling Eritrea would have made controlling the rest of Ethiopia easier. That however, was a tall order. As is evident now the TPLF failed to control Ethiopia and its Eritrea agenda is no longer possible.

The TPLF criminals that have been pillaging Ethiopia and created tremendous hardship in the region have finally come to realize that their time is up and they are running back to their original base of Tigray.

Therefore, the troop movement back has nothing to do with initiating war against Eritrea. It is self protection and move towards Article 39, Greater (Abay) Tigray. It is to protect their interests from their bases in Tigray.

The TPLF has been disconnected from the people of Tigray for a long time. However, recent developments in Ethiopia have reignited their interest because their very lives are at stake and they have nowhere else to go but Tigray.

Of late there has been tremendous PR moves directed at the people of Tigray designed to re-entice their base’s support.  July 2, 2016 ESAT news reported, the TPLF has built a Peugeot car assembly plant in Wikro Ketema in Tigray. It further noted that the TPLF established a pharmaceutical company worth one Billion Birr in Adi Grat.

“Chief executive Officer of the Endowment Fund for the Rehabilitation of Tigray (EFFORT), Azeb Mesfun said the manufacturing sector has a significant contribution to achieve Ethiopia’s target of becoming a middle income country by 2025.” 

EFFORT is abbreviation for Endowment Fund for the Rehabilitation of Tigray. Yet, the wife of the late dictator Meles Zenawi Azeb Mesfun claims that, “The manufacturing sector has a significant contribution to achieve Ethiopia’s target of becoming a middle income country by 2025.” Emphasis is added.  However, Azeb is trying to reestablish her base in Tigray In the name of Ethiopia.

Conclusion

The TPLF invested heavily in Oromia and other parts of Ethiopia to loot. That however was short lived and dangerous. Because when people resisted the TPLF went on a killing spree everywhere living no room for any good will. As a result the people of Ethiopia have rejected the regime everywhere. The TPLF has no place inside Ethiopia and has no where else to go but Tigray. Hence, the TPLF is making a last ditch effort to hanker down in Tigray. It will declare article 39 and try to mend fences with Eritrea.  Will this become a saving grace for the dying regime?

No, they will sure be hunted by the people of Ethiopia and Tigray. They have hands that are soaked with blood and they will certainly pay for it.

by Amanuel Biedemariam

Awetnayu@hotmail.com