Archive | December 2016

በጋምቤላ ክልል በአውቶቡስ ላይ በታጣቂዎች በተፈጸመ ጥቃት 5 ሰዎች ተገደሉ

region

ኢሳት (ታህሳስ 20 ፥ 2009)

ከጋምቤላ ከተማ ወደ መታር ከተማ ይጓዝ የነበረ የህዝብ ማመላለሻ አውቶቡስ ማንነታቸው ባልታወቁ ታጣቂዎች ጥቃት ተፈጽሞበት አምስት ሰዎች መገደላቸውን የክልሉ ፖሊስ  አስታወቀ።

በህዝብ ማመላለሻ አውቶቡስ ላይ ረቡዕ ጠዋት ላይ ጥቃቱ የተፈጸመው ከጋምቤላ ክልል 60 ኪሎሜትር ርቀት ላይ መሆኑ ታውቋል።

አውቶቡሱ ከ40 በላይ መንገደኞች አሳፍሮ ነበር ።

ማንነታቸው አልታወቀም የተባሉት ታጣቂዎች የተሽከርካሪውን የነዳጅ መያዣ በጥይት በመቱት ጊዜ የእሳት ቃጠሎ አደጋ ተነስቶ የአምስቱ መንገደኞች ህይወት ወዲያውኑ ሊያልፍ መቻሉን የመንግስት መገናኛ ብዙሃን ዘግበዋል።

በአደጋው ከሞቱት ሰዎች በተጨማሪ ዘጠኝ መንገደኞች ላይ ቀላልና ከባድ የመቁሰል ጉዳት መድረሱንም ፖሊስ አስታውቋል። ይሁንና ጥቃቱን ፈጽመዋል የተባሉት ታጣቂዎች ከስፍራው  አምልጠዋል።

ታጣቂዎቹ በዳረሱት አደጋ ጉዳት የደረሰባቸው መንገደኞች በአሁኑ ወቅት በጋምቤላ ሆስፒታል ህክምና እየተደረገላቸው መሆኑንም ለመረዳት ተችሏል።

በጋምቤላ ክልል በተለያዩ ጊዜያት የተጠቁ አካላት በነዋሪዎች ላይ ጥቃት ሲፈጽሙ መቆየታቸው ይታወሳል።

ባለፈው አመት ከደቡብ ሱዳን ሰርገው ገብተዋል የተባሉት ታጣቂዎች ከ100 በላይ ነዋሪዎች ገድለው ከ140 የሚበልጡ ሰዎችን አፍነው መውሰዳቸው መዘገቡ ይታወሳል። ከተወሰዱት ከፊሎቹ ቢለቀቁም፣ የቀሩት አሁንም ዱካቸው አልተገኘም።

ረቡዕ በጋምቤላ ክልል በአንድ የህዝብ ማመላለሻ አውቶቡስ ስለተፈጸመው ጥቃት ሃላፊነት የወሰደ አካል የለም።

Amnesty International -ETHIOPIA 2015/2016

amnesty-international-logo-1

Members and leaders of opposition parties as well as protesters were extrajudicially executed. General elections took place in May against a backdrop of restrictions on civil society, the media and the political opposition, including excessive use of force against peaceful demonstrators, the disruption of opposition campaigns, and the harassment of election observers from the opposition. The police and the military conducted mass arrests of protesters, journalists and opposition party members as part of a crackdown on protests in the Oromia region.

Background

The ruling political party, the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front, won all the seats in the Federal and Regional Parliaments in the general election.

The opposition Semayawi Party reported that the National Election Board of Ethiopia (NEBE) refused to register over half of its proposed candidates for the House of Peoples’ Representatives: of 400 candidates, only 139 were able to stand for election. The opposition Medrek coalition reported that the NEBE only approved 270 of the 303 candidates it had proposed to register.

Famine due to rainfall shortages during the main harvesting season (June to September) affected more than 8 million people in the north and east.

Arbitrary arrests and detentions

Police and security officers arrested Omot Agwa Okwoy, Ashinie Astin Titoyk and Jemal Oumar Hojele at Addis Ababa Bole International Airport on 15 March, on their way to a workshop in Nairobi, Kenya. The workshop was organized by the NGO Bread for All with the support of the NGOs Anywaa Survival Organisation and GRAIN. The police held the three men for 161 days without bail at the Maekelawi detention centre, beyond the four months allowed by the Anti-Terrorism Proclamation (ATP), under which they were charged on 7 September.

On 12 May, security officers arrested two campaigners and three supporters of the Semayawi Party who were putting up campaign posters in the capital, Addis Ababa. They were released on bail after four days in detention.

On 19 May, Bekele Gerba and other members of the Oromo Federalist Congress were campaigning in Oromia when police and local security officers beat, arrested and detained them for a couple of hours.

Over 500 members of Medrek were arrested at various polling stations in Oromia region on 24 and 25 May. Security officers beat and injured 46 people during the elections; six people sustained gunshot injuries and two were killed.

Extrajudicial executions

Four members and leaders of opposition parties were killed after the election.

Samuel Aweke, founder of the Semayawi Party, was found dead on 15 June in the city of Debre Markos. A few days before his death he had published an article in his party’s newspaper, Negere Ethiopia, criticizing the behaviour of local authorities, police and other security officials. The Semayawi Party claimed that Samuel Aweke had received threats from security officials after the article was published.

On 16 June, Medrek member Taddesse Abreha was accosted on his way home in the Western Tigrai zone by three unknown people who attempted to strangle him. He died shortly after reaching his home.

Medrek member Berhanu Erbu was found dead on 19 June near a river in the Hadiya zone, 24 hours after he was taken from his home by two police officers.

Asrat Haile, election observer on behalf of Medrek in the Adio Kaka unit, Ginbo Woreda district and Kefa zone, died after being repeatedly beaten by police officials on 5 July.

None of these deaths except Samuel Aweke’s was investigated. The Semayawi Party said the trial, conviction and sentencing of Samuel Aweke’s killer were a “sham”, intended to protect the real culprit.

Freedom of expression

In the run-up to the general elections, the government continued to use the ATP to suppress freedom of expression through the continued detention of journalists and protracted trials: it arrested and charged at least 17 journalists under the ATP. Many also fled the country due to intimidation, harassment and politically motivated criminal charges.

Police arrested Habtamu Minale, editor-in-chief of Kedami newspaper and reporter for YeMiliyonoch Dimts newspaper, on 9 July at his house. He was released on 26 July without charge.

The Public Prosecutor dropped the charges against two members of the Zone 9 bloggers’ group. On 16 October, the High Court acquitted five of the Zone 9 bloggers of terrorism charges, after they had spent over 500 days in pre-trial detention.

On 22 October, the High Court convicted and sentenced in his absence Gizaw Taye, Manager of Dadimos Entertainment and Press, to 18 years’ imprisonment for terrorism .

Freedom of assembly

On 27 January, police used excessive force to disperse a peaceful demonstration in Addis Ababa that was organized by the Unity for Democracy and Justice opposition party. Police beat demonstrators with batons, sticks and iron rods on the head, face, hands and legs, injuring more than 20 of them.

On 22 April, the government called a rally on Meskel Square to condemn the killing in Libya of Ethiopian migrants by affiliates of the armed group Islamic State (IS). When some demonstrators shouted slogans during the rally, police used excessive force, including tear gas and beatings, to disperse the crowd, which escalated the situation to clashes between protesters and police. A journalist reported that 48 people had been injured and admitted to hospital, and that many others sustained minor injuries. Hundreds were reported to have been arrested. Woyneshet Molla, Daniel Tesfaye, Ermias Tsegaye and Betelehem Akalework were arrested on 22 April and charged with inciting violence during the rally. They were convicted and sentenced to two months in prison, and were kept in custody for more than 10 days after the completion of their prison term, although courts had ordered their release. The police released them on bail on 2 July.

Ethiopia Travel Warning: U.S. Department of State

The State Department continues to warn U.S. citizens of the risks of travel to Ethiopia due to the potential for civil unrest related to sporadic and unpredictable anti-government protests that began in November 2015. The U.S. Embassy’s ability to provide consular services in many parts of the country may be limited without warning due to the government’s restrictions on mobile and internet communications and the unpredictable nature of the current security situation. This replaces the Travel Warning of October 21, 2016.

Robles in Northern Ethiopia

The Government of Ethiopia declared a State of Emergency effective October 8, 2016 that includes provisions allowing for the arrest of individuals without a court order for activities they may otherwise consider routine, such as communication, consumption of media, attending gatherings, engaging with certain foreign governments or organizations, and violating curfews. Additionally, the Government of Ethiopia routinely does not inform the U.S. Embassy of detentions of U.S. citizens in Ethiopia. The full text of the decree implementing the State of Emergency is available on the U.S. Embassy’s website.
Internet, cellular data, and phone services have been periodically restricted or shut down without warning throughout the country, impeding the U.S. Embassy’s ability to communicate with U.S. citizens in Ethiopia. You should have alternate communication plans in place, and let your family and friends know this may be an issue while you are in Ethiopia. See the information below on how to register with the U.S. Embassy to receive security messages.
Avoid demonstrations and large gatherings, continuously assess your surroundings, and evaluate your personal level of safety. Remember that the government may use force and live fire in response to demonstrations, and that even gatherings intended to be peaceful can be met with a violent response or turn violent without warning. U.S. citizens in Ethiopia should monitor their security situation and have contingency plans in place in case you need to depart suddenly.
If you are living in or intending to travel to Ethiopia, please refer to the Safety and Security section of the Country Specific Information for Ethiopia for additional useful information.
Due to the unpredictability of communication in the country, the Department of State strongly advises U.S. citizens to register your mobile number with the U.S. Embassy to receive security information via text or SMS, in addition to enrolling in the Smart Traveler Enrollment Program (STEP).

የኢትዮጵያ ህዝብ አርበኞች ግንባር ዘብ መደበኛ ስብሰባውን አካሄደ

Ethiopian Peoples patriotic front guard Quarterly Members Meeting held on 03/12/2016 Nürnburg .

The meeting agenda was “stop the TPLG Tigray regime committing genocide against Amhara and Oromo protesters. “

Report by: Alemayehu Kidanewold
Photo By : Michael Mekonnen

የኢትዮጵያ ህዝብ አርበኞች ግንባር ዘብ በየሶስት ወሩ የሚያካሂደውን መደበኛ ስብሰባውን በትናንተናው እለት 03/12/2016 በጀርመን ሃገር ኑረንበርግ ከተማ አካሄደ::በስበሰባው ላይ የድርጅቱ ከፍተኛ አመራሮች እና የድርጅቱ አባላቶች ተገኝተዋል::

ስብሰባው በደርጅቱ ዋና ሊቀመንበር አቶ ልዑል ቀስቅስ የእንኩዋን ደህና መጣችሁ ንግግር የተከፈተ ሲሆን በመቀጠልም የገብረክርስቶስ ደስታ “ሃገሬ” ግጥም በ አቶ አለማየሁ ኪዳነወልድ አንባቢነት ቀርቦዋል::

በመቀጠልም የእለቱ እንገዳ አቶ አበበ አብዲ ከኢትዮጵያ በቅርቡ የወያኔን የግፍ አገዛዝ ለእረጅም አመታት ያህል ሲታገሉ ቆይተው በመጨረሻም ከምንግስት በደረሰባቸው ከፍተኛ ግፍና በደል ለስደት የተዳረጉት ባደረጉት ንግግር የወቅቱን የሃገሪትዋን ከፍተኛ ንቅናቄ እንዳይኮላሽ የህብረተሰቡ ያልተቁዋረጠ ትግልና ድጋፍ እንደሚያስፈልግ ተናገረዋል:: የወያኔ ስርአት የህዝብን ትግል በሙሉ ግፍ በመግደልና በማሰር ደጋግሞ መቀልበሱ በተደጋጋሚ የታየ ሲሆን ይህም በዋነኝነት የ 97 ቱን ምርጫ እንደምሳሌ አንስተውታል ::አቶ አበበ እንዳሉት ይህም ሊሆን የቻለው የ እኛ በአንድነት ያለ መታገል እንዲሁም መከፋፈል ለወያኔ አመቺ ሁኔታን እንደፈጠረለት አጽንዎት ሰተው ተናግረዋል :: በአሁኑ ሰአትም በአማራና በ ኦሮምያ ክልል እየተካሄደ ያለውን የዘር ማጥፋት ስራ ወያኔን ከፍተኛ ዋጋ እንደሚያስከፍለው ተናግረዋል::

በመቀጠልም በፍቅዱ ጌታቸው ወለለላዬ የተጻፈውን “እንደምን አለህ መለስ” የተሰኘውን መጣጥፍ አቶ ዘላለም አቅርቦታል

ከተሳፊዎችም የተለያዩ አስተያየቶችና ጥያቄዎች የተነሱ ሲሆን በድርጅቱ ዋና ሊቀመንበር አቶ ልዑል ቀስቅስ መልስ እና የማጠቃልያ ንግግር ፕሮግራሙ ተጠናቁዋል::

የፕ/ር መረራ ጉዲና ከአውሮፓ መልስ መታሰር ይጠበቅ እንደነበር ተገለጸ፣ የሕወሓት አገዛዝ ግራ መጋባትና መደናበር አይሏል

የኦሮሞ ፌዴራሊስት ኮንግረስ የወቅቱ ሊቀመንበርና በኢትዮጵያ የተቃውሞ ፖለቲካ ስማቸው በግንባር ከሚጠቀስ ሰላማዊ ታጋዮች ተርታ የሚጠቀሱት ዶ/ር መረራ ጉዲና በቅርቡ በአውሮፓ ሕብረት ጋባዥነት በወቅቱ የኢትዮጵያ ጉዳይ ላይ ለማስረዳት ብራስልስ ሰንብተው ሲመለሱ በአዲስ አበባ ቦሌ ላይ መያዛቸው የተጠበቀ እንደነበር የተለያዩ መረጃዎች ገለጹ።

ፕ/ር መረራ የአውሮፓውን ስብሰባ ተከትሎ በተለይ በስብሰባው ላይ የአርበኞች ግንቦት ሰባት ሊቀመንበር ፕ/ር ብርሃኑ ነጋ መገኘትን በማስታከክ የተለያዩ አፍቃሪ ወያኔ ድህረ ገጾች እና የአገዛዙ ቴሌቪዥን ጭምር ፕ/ር መረራን ሲያብጠለጥሉና ሲዘልፉ የሰነበቱ መሆኑን ያዩ ወደ አገር ቤት እንዳይመለሱ ከተመለሱ ለማሰር እንደሚያስቡ ፍንጭ ሰጪ መሆኑን ገልጸው ነበር።

ፕ/ር መረራ ጉዲና ትላንት ከአውሮፓ ከገቡ በሁዋላ ቡራዩ የሚገኘው ቤታቸው በበርካታ ታጣቂዎች ተከቦ የነበረ ሲሆን የቤተሰብ አባሎቻቸው ጭምር መታሰራቸውነ አንዳንድ መረጃዎች ያሳያሉ።ፕ/ር መረራ በአሁኑ ወቅት በማዕከላዊ ምርመራ በእስር ላይ ሲሆኑ የእስራቸው መንስዔ አውሮፓ ፓርላማ በጠራው ስብሰባ ላይ ከፕ/ር ብርሃኑ ነጋ ጎን መቀመጣቸው ብቻ መሆኑን አስቀድሞ ከነበረው መስፈራሪያ መሰረት አድርገው ብዙዎች ግምታቸውን ሰጥተዋል።አገዛዙ መገናኛ ብዙሃን አስቀድሞ የተደረገ ዛቻ ፕ/ር መረራ ወደ አገር ቤት እንዳይመለሱ ለማድረግ እንደነበር ገልጸው እሳቸው ያንን እያወቁ ወደ አገር ተመልሰው የመታውን ለመቀበል መዘጋጀታቸውን አሳይቷል።

የኦፌኮና የመድረክ አመራር የሆኑት ፕ/ር መረራ ጉዲና የአገዛዙን የአፈና አዋጅ ወደ ጎን በማድረግ ከአስቸኳይ ጊዜ አዋጁም በሁዋላ በተሌአዩ መንገዶች ሀሳባቸውን ሲሰጡና ሕወሃት/ኢህአዴግ በአፈናና በማሰር የሕዝቡን ጥያቄ እስከመጨረሻው አፍኖ እንደማይዘልቅ ደጋግመው ተችተዋል። ተቃዋሚዎች በተባበረ ክንድ እንዲታገሉ ተደጋጋሚ ጥሪ ሲያደርጉ ቆይተዋል፤

ከዶ/ር መረራ ጉዲና ቤት ታፍነው የተወሰዱ ቤተሰቦቻቸው ስም ዝርዝርና ብዛት ያልታወቀ ሰሆን እነሱም እንደ ዶ/ር መረራ ማዕከላዊ ይታሰሩ ሌላ ቦታ የታወቀ ነገር የለም።

ይህ በእንዲህ እንዳለ የዶ/ር መረራ መታሰር የስርዓቱን የበለጠ ግራ መጋባት ያሳያል የሚሉ ወገኖች በቅርቡ የቀድሞው ኮሚነኬሽን ሚ/ር የሕወሓቱ ጌታቸው ረዳ አቶ በቀለ ገርባ የታሰሩት ወንጀል ስለሰሩ መንግስትን ለማፍረስ ስለተንቀሳቀሱ ነው በተቀዋሚነት ሰው አይታሰርም ዶ/ር መረራ መቼ ታሰሩ ሲሉ ተደምጠዋል። ዶ/ር መረራን ለሽፋን አስቀምቶሌሎቹን ለማሰሩ ሕጋዊ ሽፋን ለመስጠት የሞከረው አካል ሰሞኑን በጀመረው የተጠናከረ የማሰር እርምጃ አውቁን ፖለቲከና ማሰሩ በአገር ውስጥ ሙሉ ለሙሉ አውነተና ተቃዋሚዎችን አስሮ ለመጨረስ መወሰኑን ያሳያል ብለዋል:፡

ዶ/ር መረራ ጉዲና እ.ኤ.አ በ2010 ለቢቢሲ በሰጡት ቃል እኔ ብታሰር ሰላሳ ሚሊዮን አሮሞ ትግሉን አጠናክሮ ይቀጥላል ።የሕዝቡ ጥያቄ ካልተመለሰ እስር መፍትሄ አይደለም ማለታቸው ይታወሳል።

የወቅቱ የኮሚኒኬሽን ሚ/ር ዶ/ር ነገሬ ሌንጮ ስለ ዶ/ር መረራ መታሰር ከውጭ ጋዜጠኞች ተጠይቀው እንደማያውቁ ተናግረዋል:፡ መረጃው ከአሳሪዎቹ ከህወሓት ባለስልጣናት ወደ ይስሙላዎቹ ባለስልጣናት ጋር እስኪደርስ ስንት ቀን ይፈጃል ? የሚል ጥያቄ ያስከትላል።

ዶ/ር መረራ ገዲና ከአስቸኳይ ጊዜ አዋጁ በሁዋላ በጅምላ እንደሚታሰሩት ፍርድ ቤት ሳይቀርቡ ይቅር ወይም ያቅርቧቸው ታወቀ ነገር የለም።

ይህ በእንዲህ እንዳለ ዓለም አቀፉ የመብት ተሟጋች ድርጅት አምንስቲ ኢንተርናሽናል ኢትዮጵያዊው የተቃዋሚ ፓርቲ መሪ ፕ/ር መረራ ጉዲና መታሰራቸው አውግዞ የእስሩንም እርምጃ አናዳጅ ማለቱ ተጠቅሷል።